Gustavo III, king of Sweden since 1771 up to his death in 1792, was a meritorious protector of Arts and Literature, founding the Swedish Academy in 1786 thatnowadays assignes the Nobel Prize for literature. Gustavo has created the Museum of Antiquity, the most ancient Swedish museum that contains the classical works bought by the king during his stays in Italy between the 1783-1784.
Right in Italy Gustavo went for the first time in incognito in 1783, concealing behind the name of count Haga, to avoid the risk of fraud. For this reason his personal agent, the son of the famous architect Giambattista Piranesi, mocked his passion for the art works and of the Antiquity:«The count of Haga who see a lot but pay not too much», wrote the king of Sweden.
However, the following year Gustavo III came back again in Italy and that time bought several works. Above all several views of landascapes and Italian monuments, today exhibited among the Royal Palace and the National Gallery in Stockholmand the Drottningholm's Castle. In the journey from Loreto to Rome, reached also the Marmore Falls, the day 5 August, as he wrote in his travel diary.
We are sure that the king admired the Marmore Waterfall, because we know that in Rome he met the Pope Pio VI, and wetn together to visit the Vatican Museums, as a painting of that period still remembers. Pio VI was the pope who was interested to organise the are of the Waterfall to avoid and to solve the problem of the overflowing and to allow a comfortable visit building expressly the viewpoint "La Specola" that today is the Upper Outlook.
The new of the wonderful views of the king in Italy has been widespread the subjects: this is the witness that the Marmore Falls was an attractive site for the future generation of the Swedish artists. For example the painter Carl Johann Billmark felt in love so much with this natural beauty who decided to realise one of the most beautiful etching ever been of the Umbrian landscape, dated back to 1852.