Gustavo III, King of Sweden since 1771 until his death in 1792, was a patron of the literature and arts, fouded in 1786 the Swedish Academy that even today assigns the Nobel prize for the literature. Gustavo built also the Museum of the Antiquity, the most ancient in Sweden, that contains classic works bought by the king during his stays in Italy between the 1783-1784.
However, the next year, Gustavo III came back in Italy and this time bought many works. Above all about the landscapes, views, Italian monuments, today preserved in the Real Palace and in the National Gallery of Stockhol and in the Drottningholm Castle. During his journey from Loreto to Rome, reached the Marmore Falls, the day 5 August, as written in his diary of journey.
We know that certainly the souverain admired the spectacle of the Waterfall and met the Pope Pius IX in Rome.
The news of the beauties seen by the king in Italy has been known between his subjects: this is why the fame of the Marmore Falls gained during the centuries from many generations of artists. For example the painter Carl Johann Billmark who loves the Waterfall so much that decided to paint it in the one of the most beautiful etching realized of the Umbrian landscape, dated back to the 1852.
Arts Historic and Tour Guide