The construction of the Church of Santa Maria del Carmine is due to the preexisting presence of an image of the Virgin Mary painted on the outer wall of the Roman Amphitheatre. Over the years, this site had become such a place of devotion for many pious people that a laical association was born in order to promote the construction of a church on the site. At first, a simple canopy to protect the image was built but the construction of a chapel followed shortly afterwards. In 1602, thanks to recognition by Pope Clement VIII, the Confraternita del Carmine was established and it was decided a proper church would be built. It took quite a long time for the construction works to be finished in 1783 with the completion of the elegant brick façade. The venerated image was detached from the wall and placed on the altar. In the 17thcentury the dome was decorated with frescoes by Ludovico Carosi, a painter from Terni, while the nave was covered with a 150 square-metre oil canvas, painted by Paolo Barla and Pietro Taloni, depicting the Madonna del Carmeloand Elia sul carro di fuoco. In the 1990s the Church went under major renovations and was converted to an auditorium.