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Church of Sant'Antonio di Padova
[Religious buildings]

  • The Church of Sant’Antonio di Padova was built as a place of worship in the new workers’ district born between the old town and the railway station after the population’s growth, and the massive industrialization of the late 19thcentury. The project of the new Church, the first built in modern times in Terni, was assigned to the architect Cesare Bazzani and works began in 1924 and ended in 1935. The building was badly damaged by the bombing during World War II, because of its proximity to the railway station. After these events it was restored and completed in the 1960s. The Church architecture follows a classical model and it is entirely made of bricks, it is a large basilica with three naves, and has got a 16th-century style monumental front. In 2010 the Church was elevated into a Diocesan Shrine of the Franciscan Protomartyrs, the first followers of San Francesco. All of them came from the surroundings of Terni and were martyred in Morocco, therefore inspiring Sant’Antonio’s calling.
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Fausto Amphitheatre
[Sites of historical and archaeological interest]

  • The amphitheatre of Interamna Nahars - the ancient name of Terni - is located just before the city walls near the entrance door of the ancient Via Flaminia in the city. The outer perimeter of the building preserves bichrome fragments of opus reticolatum made of local stone. Inside, was partially rebuilt the cavea, that accommodated the audiences and encircled the elliptical space arena, intended for gladiatorial games and fights. For a long time used as a quarry buildings material and property of the bishopric, the amphitheatre is known by an improper name: Fausto, Faustus Titius Liberalis, a seviro augustale - a member of the college responsible for the Imperial cult -, mentioned in an inscription, of uncertain origin, such as probably the dedicant of a monumental altar and not as the customer of this architecture which, however, was wrongly attributed. Affixed to the facade, is the copy of the inscription, which dates to 672 BC the emergence of the proto-urban settlement of Terni. The original inscription is kept at the Archaeological Museum of Terni at the Cultural Center of the CAOS.
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Passeggiata public gardens
[Sites of historical and archaeological interest]

  • The Passeggiata public gardens are an open air museum. An archeological and botanical museum. The cathedral apse, the church of the Madonna di Carmine, and above all the Roman amphitheatre belong to the garden area. Moreover, permanently located there, in line with a somewhat questionable practice, damaged capitals and pilasters and other finds coming from the demolished San Giovanni Decollato church which looked out onto piazza Maggiore, have been re-used as decorative elements, but also as stands for concrete benches, tables, seats, vases and columns. Two sphinxes are particularly interesting, one of which which was disfigured to make a water fountain. (A painting of the artist Orneore Metelli, exhibited in the De Felice Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art - CAOS - CENTRO ARTI OPIFICIO SIRI, gives back the original position of the two sphinxes). Not to be forgotten are the city walls which border the gardens on the west and south sides, the latter being still today the best conserved of the ancient barrier of protection against enemies built in Roman times. In the same district, on the outside with respect to the Passeggiata, instruments in bone flint attributable to the paleolithic period have been found, as well as ceramic fragments. The medieval Jewish cemetery was also located there; a tablet has recently been laid there as a memorial, which was thought to be rather vast considering the times, ten times the size of that of Perugia and twice that of Pisa. It was used until the extinction of the Jewish colony in medieval Terni, which occured during the XV century. Interesting, but badly kept, is the botanical heritage which counts essences such as lindens, oaks and pine trees as well as the cedars of Lebanon and the Himalayas, the hackleberry the flowering ash and the loppi. Trees which very often are more than a hundred years old. The Passeggiata public gardens was at first a green area made available to the bishopric and which reached from the cathedral apse as far as the city walls. In 1846 the vast parcel of land, in a state of complete abandonment, was bought by the Historical events led it to become property of the French state which later sold it to a private citizen Municipal to make it available to the community. In 1890 Domenico Giannelli undertook its modernization and restructuring. The finds which came from the church of San Giovanni Decollato arrived in 1921 when the temple was demolished to make way for the Post Office building.
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Barbarasa tower
[Sites of historical and archaeological interest]

  • About three hundred towers had been built in the city but by around 1600 very few were still standing. The best preserved, both then and now, is the Barbarasa tower. The Barbarasa family were one of the most prominent in Terni in the 15th and 16th centuries and counted among its members priors, general councillors and local notables, in syntheses city administrators, as well as a canon of the Cathedral, Giulio Barbarasa.. A powerful family, therefore, especially from a financial point of view, so that the house-tower they built (even if the first structures date back to the 13th century) was meant to be representative of this power. The Tower, considered to be a construction built to defend the city, was without doubt a "watchtower" to defend the Barbarasa property, which bordered that of the Spada family. In the town history the Barbarasa tower is remembered above all for an incident linked to the plague epidemic which struck Terni towards the end of the 17th century. On hearing the news about the plague epidemic in the centre-south of Italy, the city council decided to put soldiers at the city gates to prevent strangers from entering. In the meantime in the Cathedral and San Valentino the religious ceremonies continued. A lazaret was opened in the convent of the Grazie, therefore outside the city, to give shelter to those who came from the suspected areas. The inns and other convivial places were closed; a ban was put in place for tramps and beggars to stop them from moving from place to place. Part of the city wall was also rebuilt, in the porta Romana area, which had collapsed due to neglect. But the preventive measures were to no avail. The first cases of bubonic plague were registered at the beginning of the summer of 1656 in the Cathedral district. A year later, in June 1657, the bishop, Sebastiano Gentili, seeing as the situation was still serious, organized a large procession through the city streets and, at the end, climbed to the top of the Barbarasa tower, the tallest building in Terni, carrying with him the relic of Precious blood. From there he prayed for divine protection and blessed the city. All this is remembered on a plaque set half-way up the tower, on the initiative of the owner of the tower at that time, Felix Barbarasa. The tower is still inhabited today.
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Dionisio tower (Case dei Castelli)
[Sites of historical and archaeological interest]

  • Johannucci or Di Giovannuccio was his original surname, but then, thanks to his role of primary importance that Andrea Di Giovanuccio assumed in the second half of the 14th century in Terni and in the checkerboard of Italian free townships, next to Johannucci appeared the name "De Castello". Therefore, one of the most illustrious families of Terni's medieval history was born, the Castelli family. Laying aside the Johannucio part, as a powerful, and then noble family, as well as wealthy, the Castellis built an agglomerate of houses with courtyards near San Lorenzo church, which today is in practice the front part of a tall tower, the Castelli tower, Dionisia tower which preserves only its medieval origins as it was reshaped in the 16th century. Destroyed by bombs the building next to the Castelli residence, only the buildings on the right side of via De Filis remain, these, too, rehashed and restructured several times, and a structure opposite the tower where stood another tower: only the ruins of the base remain, close to the arch, originally an underpass which served as entrance to the Castelli complex, which as the times suggest, was fortified. On the other hand, the Castelli family played a role of primary importance in a period of unrest for the city's history, at the dawn of the 15 th century. A family of Ghibellines, on the front line in public debate especially with the most determined and able of its representatives, namely Andrea Castelli who went to war and fought with landlords and soldiers of fortune at the service and on behalf of the Pope. The Castelli family's luck lasted up to 1410 and with theirs that of the Ghibellines who lost primacy with the rescission of the agreement between the two most representative families, the Castellis- to be precise- and the Camporealis. It was, however, Braccio da Montone, a few years later, who determined the end of the Castelli family: the family was physically wiped out. It ended in tragedy, to be sure, but nothing else is known so the subsequent destiny of a family which had reached the height of citizen power remains shrouded in mystery.
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Porta Sant'Angelo
[Sites of historical and archaeological interest]

  • Porta Sant' Angelo, the western gate of the medieval city, is so called because a church dedicated to Sant'Angelo was situated closeby before it was demolished in 1600. There was also a hospital nearby, of which no trace remains, like the church, as can be perceived from a law contained in the "Statum Interamnae", which ruled that all those passing through porta San Angelo carrying firewood, had to leave a part to the hospital of "Santo Angelo", paying in this way a sort of tax which acquired the value of solidarity. It seems somewhat strange in this day and age that a gate was built to be used as a bridge, and that along a country lane below the level of the road, an old mill can be found. In fact, there is no corresponding stream. However, up to the 16th century, all around the western wall of Terni flowed the Serra creek, whose course was later deviated Into the river Nera, of which it was a tributary. In olden times, the Serra flowed into the main river, downstream of the city, which was therefore enclosed by the two rivers and precisely for this reason this orographic configuration took the name Interamna. Interamna, which for those who see Terni today is not easily explained but which has a precise origin. After the deviation of the creek, which today flows into the Nera east of the residential area, Porta Sant'Angelo no longer acted as a bridge and the mill remained without water. From Porta Sant'Angelo to the city centre there was access to a fountain which served all the neighbourhood inside the walls, and which was made up of the west side of the two Rugoni and Amengoni districts. Walking along the road, it was possible to reach the church and convent of Madonna del Monumento, where the cemetery of Terni was realised and which, as defined by law, had to be built far from the town. After restoration work performed towards the end of the last century, porta Sant Angelo was incorporated into a new square and under it, also using the vestiges of the old oil mill, botanical gardens were planted, which at present are in a state of abandonment. The castle walls which ran from porta Sant Angelo to encircle the passeggiata public gardens, were demolished at the beginning of the 1900s, except for a short stretch now incorporated in an underground car park.
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Porta Spoletina
[Sites of historical and archaeological interest]

  • Through Porta Spoletina, the consular Flaminia road leading out of Terni, which it crossed in a south-west north-east direction, continued towards the Somma mountain and, therefore, Spoleto. It was one of the main gates to the city, built during the expansion of the city walls during the medieval period. A stronghold, it is also called the Gate of the Three Monuments in memory of the cenotaphs, that a widespread popular tradition ascribes to Tacitus: the historic Cornelius and the emperors Marco Claudio and Floriano Tacito. Not far from the Gate the remains of a great Arch of Triumph was found, which seems to have been dedicated to the emperor Domiziano, but all the existing vestiges just outside the city walls were permanently lost during the construction of the Bosco mechanical industry during the early years of the 20th century and whose workshops have recently been reclaimed and reused as the Terni Videocentre (after the relocation of the factory to the industrial area during the 1980s. Just a short distance from the arch of Porta Spoletina, within the city walls, stands an ancient mill, one of the many oil millstones fed by one of the canals belonging to an extended network around the city. Just along the road from the gate, along the Flaminia stood the church dedicated to the Madonna della Misericordia: Pope Clemente Vll stopped there to say orations while he was travelling to Ferrara, leaving 100 scudi for charity. On the opposite hill stood the church of Santa Giusta and, further up,the Hermitage called "Vecchia" occupied by cappuccino monks. Above them all stood the parish church of San Bartolomeo, followed, along the edge of the mountain going towards the Somma, by the church of the Concezione and that of San Zenone, which is to be found not far from the Fortress of the same name. Being the first rampart for invading foreign armies marching along the Flaminia towards Rome, Porta Spoletina was continuously under attack. One of the most disastrous for the gate structure was the one by Braccio da Montone's army, who, at the beginning of the 1400s, burnt the gate down and, notwithstanding the citizens of Terni, stole the big iron chain as a war trophy.
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Archaeological site of Carsulae
[Sites of historical and archaeological interest]

  • The city of Carsulae was probably born around the end of the III century BC, with the conclusion of the romanization process of Umbria, followed by the construction of the western via Flaminia 220 BC. The Republican period is still the less known, as the city received an impressive monumentalization in the Augustan age, which gave it the role that we can still appreciate today and which overlap the oldest phase. The city had a very flourishing period for most of the imperial era, as inform us the Epigraphic Heritage available, until the beginning of the IV century AD. From that moment begins a slow decline that will culminate with the abandonment of the center, in the early V century AD, as now well proved by the latest excavations. The reason lies in the absence of a wall circuit and in the poor defensibility of the site at a time when Rome could no longer guarantee the security of any kind. At the moment only a small part has been excavated, most of it by Umberto Ciotti, between 1951 and 1972. To Umberto Ciotti is named the Visit and Documentation Center, which houses the ticket office and a selection of finds found during the excavation campaigns made by him.
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Ponte del Toro
[Sites of historical and archaeological interest]

  • Ponte del Toro, located on the left side of the river Nera, near the municipal road, before the inhabited nucleus of the small village Toro, it is not a road bridge but a drainage channel, with its side containment walls. The artifact is therefore a hydraulic work of the Roman age to be reconnected to the drainage system of the waters from the Marmore plateau, but carried out after the reclamation works of III century BC operated by M. C. Dentato, conqueror of Sabina. The name of the monument derives from the toponym of the place where it is located: "Toro" in toponymy means protrusion, elevation or terracing, by the Latin torus = hillin reference to the geomorphology of the place. The recent excavation and restoration work carried out by the Sapienza University of Rome and the former Superintendence of Archeology of Umbria have clarified its chronology and function, dated between the I century BC and the I century AD. Under the archway there was an emissary channel of the Velino coming from the Marmore plain. The bridge was found in 1819 under the calcareous encrustations of the Velino, by the PhD Giuseppe Riccardi while he was looking for a new section entrance on the river Nera for the Cervino canal. Under the Toro bridge there are the remains of the Cervino Canal, now abandoned, built by Riccardi in 1819, replacing the previous one damaged by a landslide.
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Municipal library
[Sites of cultural interest]

  • For years it was the building of the power, today it hosts the multimedia library of Terni, location of cultural events as well as collections of books and multimediasupports. The building was erected at the beginning of the 14th century on the main square of the city, the Platea Columnarum, renamed in later years piazza Maggiore. The meeting place, the agora, where the corn column stands, is still today the focal point of the city's political-administrative life. The Palazzo, through the stones hung on the facade as well as on the inside, tell by themseves a large part of the city's history dating from its becoming a town hall. It goes from the celebration of King Vittorio Emanuele to that of Giuseppe Garibaldi; to the commemoration of illustrious men, painful or triumphant events that have involved the city. In 1293 the Municipal if Terni built the structure which they decided to award to the Governor, using the structures of pre-existing houses specifically bought for this purpose. A typical 14th century building, of mighty structures, of which only a few remain in the ex XX September hall, today "Caffe' letterario" of the Library. The original structure has undergone various rearrangements and renovations which had already began in the 15th century and dictated by the need to adapt the building to the changing requirements during the course of centuries. After the Governor, it hosted the Mayor, and subsequently the representatives of papal power, in whose relevance it has remained, also accommodating the prison in its basement, up to 1872, when it underwent a profound makeover and became the Town Hall, which remained there until the middle of the 1970s. Also the main entrance of the building became not the one already leading on to the main square, but the one on the opposite side, which opens onto the present day piazza Solferino. With the advent of the Regno d'Italia, the building passed on to the municipal power, a return to its origins, in some way. It then became the seat of the mayor, then of the podesta' during the fascist epoch, and then municipal offices during the republican era. Up to the middle of the 1970s when the town hall was relocated and the building was once again subjected to rehash due to the damage caused during the second world war, became the city library. The most recent rearrangement took place in the 1980s, when the tower, which had been a classic bell-tower adorned with battlements, was also rebuilt. Destroyed during the second world war, it was replaced with a stylized representation of Marmore Waterfalls.
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Timetables October

Opening of
the Area
Opening of
the Water
Working days 10.00am - 6.00pm only on FRIDAY
from 12.00am to 1.00pm
from 3.00pm to 4.00pm
Saturday and Sunday 10.00am - 8.00pm from 11.00am to 1.00pm
from 3.00pm to 6.00pm
Holidays and Specials:
9.00am - 8.00pm from 11.00am to 1.00pm
from 3.00pm to 6.00pm

Choose your guided tour

October 2018

Belvedere Inferiore
P.le F. Fatati 6

Belvedere Superiore
Voc. Cascata 30

Tel. 0744 62982
Fax 0744 362231
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